Association for the Chronic or/and Environmental Injury Illness   

Petition “STOP Dental Mercury!”

12nd March 2010

To the President of the EU Commission, José Manuel Durão Barroso
To the EU Commissioner for Health and Consumer Policy, John Dalli
To the EU Commissioner for Environment, Janez Potočnik
To the Executive Director of the European Environment Agency, Jacqueline McGlade
To the Director-General for Health and Consumer Protection (DG SANCO) of the European Commission, Robert Madelin
To the Head of the Unit for Product and Service Safety at the DG-SANCO, Bernardo Delogu
To the President of the European Parliament, Jerzy Buzek
To the President of the Council of the European Union, Herman van Rompuy
To the President of the Court of Justice of the European Communities, Vassilios Skouris
To the President of the European Court of Human Rights, Jean-Paul Costa
To all EU Environment Ministers
To all EU Health Ministers

Dental amalgam is composed of 50% liquid mercury that becomes solid when mixed with the other elements of the amalgam such as silver, copper, tin and zinc. Despite claims that amalgam dental fillings are safe, once solidified, the fillings have been proven to discharge mercury vapour, among other reasons, when masticating food or consuming hot fluids.

The mercury content of amalgam fillings can be transformed into inorganic and organic forms of mercury, and then slowly and consistently absorbed in the body through saliva and breath; the vapour finds its way into the digestive system, arriving to the lungs, then to blood and the likely possibility of accumulation in various parts of the body (kidneys, liver, stomach, bones, muscles, fat, prostate, testicles, brain, etc.);

Since the World Health Organization (WHO) said, in its Policy Paper from 2005 (“Mercury in Health Care”) that “Mercury is very toxic”; moreover, it may be fatal if inhaled and harmful if absorbed through the skin;

Since around 80% of the inhaled mercury vapour is absorbed in the blood through the lungs and it may cause harmful effects to the nervous, digestive, respiratory, immune system and to the kidneys, besides causing lung damage;

Since adverse health effects from mercury exposure can be: tremors, impaired vision and hearing, paralysis, insomnia, emotional instability, developmental deficits during foetal development and attention deficit and developmental delays during childhood.

Since recent studies suggest that mercury may have no threshold below which some adverse effects do not occur;

Since in 1991, the World Health Organization confirmed that mercury contained in dental amalgam is the greatest source of mercury vapour in non-industrialized settings, exposing the concerned population to mercury levels significantly exceeding those set for food and for air;

Since there is a greater release of mercury vapours when placing and removing amalgams;

Since there are less toxic alternatives to amalgam fillings, such as ceramics and composites without Bisphenol A;

Since the USA Food and Drug Administration has admitted the risks that amalgam fillings can pose for some people;

Since scientific studies suggest the link between amalgam exposure and the onset or aggravation of a number of illnesses, including Multiple Sclerosis, Alzheimer Disease, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, Multiple Chemical Sensitivity, Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Fibromyalgia, Chronic Candidiasis Syndrome, and other several neurological, immune, dermatological, allergological, mental, digestive, kidney, visual, otorinolaringological problems, etc.;

Since the use of mercury in dental fillings has also a negative impact on the environment that could be avoided (the mercury contamination on the environment occurs through the human body fluids, through cremation and burials, and through disposal from the dental practice even in the case that a specific dental clinic has separation devices);

Even though there is not total scientific consensus about the dangers of amalgam fillings;

Under the Precautionary Principle advocated by the European Parliament on September 4th 2008 with the Mid-term Action Plan for Environment and Health 2004-2010;

The petitioners DEMAND that dental amalgam fillings are forbidden by law at European level.

Furthermore, that compulsory training of Dentists is initiated for the safe removal of amalgam fillings with quadruple protection protocol (oxygen mask, drill at low-speed, rubber dam and strong suction) and DEMAND that in the meantime, until an EU amalgam ban is made compulsory, good amalgam separators are provided for mandatory use in the dental practice.

All the issues above should also be considered under the EU Mercury Strategy review which is under way. We would expect the revised EU Mercury strategy to include relevant actions towards phasing out dental amalgam fillings.

Click here to sign the petition: http://www.ipetitions.com/petition/stopdentalmercury/

Francesca Romana Orlando
Vice President of AMICA
Association for Environmental and Chronic Toxic Injury
www.infoamica.it
amica@infoamica.it
Rome – Italy

Francisca Gutiérrez-Clavero
President of ASQUIFYDE association of FM, CFS and MCS
Coordinator of the GEDEA Research Group on Environmental Illnesses
www.asquifyde.es
info@asquifyde.es
Alicante – Spain

Servando Pérez-Domínguez
President of MERCURIADOS association (patients injured by mercury)
Coordinator of a GEDEA subgroup on ‘Medical-Scientific aspects of Environmental Illnesses’
University teacher & Medicine student at the University of Santiago de Compostela
www.mercuriados.org
servando@mercuriados.org
Santiago de Compostela – Spain

Peggy Troiano
Founder, Program Manager
“MCS” Beacon of Hope Foundation
http://toxicinjury.org
mcsbeaconofhope@yahoo.com
USA

Monika Frielinghaus
Manager of VHUE e.V.
Neunkirchen am Brand – Germany
(Association for the Support of Environmental Sick People)
www.umweltbedingt-erkrankte.de
info@umweltbedingt-erkrankte.de
Neunkirchen am Brand - Germany

Reinhard Lauer
BBFU - Coordination and advice for local patients groups and individual persons concerning environmental poisons and amalgam
www.bbfu.de
Reinhard.Lauer(at)bbfu.de
Euskirchen - Germany

Dr. med. Joachim Mutter
Department of Environmental and Integrative Medicine
www.zahnklinik.de, jm@zahnklinik.de
Funkloch-Klinik in Brasil
www.zahnklinik.de/detox-clinic
Konstanz - Germany

Rebecca Dutton
Former Dental Nurse and Practice Manager
‘Mercury Madness’ Patient Support Group
www.mercurymadness.org
beckydutton@mercurymadness.org
United Kingdom

Agata Bonaccorsi, MD
Pneumologist-Allergist
Public Hospital Cannizzaro (CT)
U.O.C. Malattie Apparato Respiratorio
dottagatabonaccorsi@interfree.it
Catania - Italy

Marie Grosman
Non au mercure dentaire
www.non-au-mercure-dentaire.org
mariegrosman@free.fr
Cherbourg Cedex - France

Prof. Max Daunderer
Director of Tox Center
www.toxcenter.de
info@toxcenter.de
Grünwald - Germany

Dr. Bartolomeo La Cagnina
Medical specialist in dentistry
Diploma in Homeopathy, homotoxicological and integrative medicine
blacagnina@gmail.com
Catania - Italy

Mauro Mario Mariani,
Specialist in Angiology
Professore a Contratto of Nutraceutics at the University of Bologna and University of Calabria
Ideatore del Programma Quattro D: Disintossicare-Depurare-Drenare-Dimagrire
General Secretary of SiTEC Italian Society of Chelating Therapy
Vice President of S.E.N.B. European Society of Biologic Nutrition
Member of ISDE Italian Association of Doctors for the Environment
Teacher at A.I.O.T. Schools - Italian Association of Homotoxicology
Teacher at A.I.N.U.C. Schools - Italian Academy of Clinical Nutrition
info@mmmariani.com
www.mmmariani.com
Ascoli Piceno - Italy

Charles Brown
National CounselConsumer s for Dental Choice
www.toxicteeth.org
Washington, USA

Freya Koss
President & Director
Pennsylvania Coalition for Mercury-Free Dentistry
www.toxicteeth.org
frekoss@aol.com
USA
 
Michele Payne
DAMS coordinators in the UK
email: amalgamfree@aol.com
www.amalgam.org
www.mercurymadness.org
United Kingdom

Jean Huss
President of AKUT asbl
Association for Environmental Health & Indoor Air Quality
www.akut.lu
info@akut.lu
Luxembourg

Margarita Pascual Aguiló
President of the Balear Association in Support of Fibromyalgia
www.confederacionfmfc.org
fibromialgiabaleares@hotmail.com
Baleares Islands– Spain

Leo Cashman
Executive Director of DAMS (Dental Amalgam Mercury Solutions)
www.amalgam.org
dams@usfamily.net
USA

Margherita Andreina Magazzini, MD
Specialist in Medical Hydrology (spa therapy)
www.infointossicazione.it
margheritazilgrei@tiscali.it
Piazza Grande, 26 - 57123
Livorno – Italy

Dolors Casabella Duran
Nurse in  Primary Care in ABS Mataró
Colegiada nª 20782
Barcelona - Spain

Sasanka Dev
Society for Direct Initiative for Social and Health Action (DISHA)
www.dishaearth.org
sasankadev@gmail.com
20/4 Sil Lane, Kolkata 700015
India

María Ruiz Zamacona
EKEUKO  -  COVACE
Coordinador of the Group of Injured by EMFs
www.covace.org
mruizzamacona@aol.com
Spain

Maria Eugenia Gil-Beroes
Presidente of the Aguaclara Foundation
www.fundacionaguaclara@cantv.net
www.aguaclara.org
Venezuela

Ursula López Moreira
50887487X
BLOG Group of Organic Consumers
www.diagonalperiodico.net
Madrid, Spain

Leticia Baselga
Responsible for the International Campaign (Zero Mercury) in Spain
Ecologistas en Acción (member of the Zero Mercury Working Group)
http://ecologistasenaccion.org/residuos
residuos@ecologistasenaccion.org
Spain

Dr. Silvano Baztán Guindo
Author of the Blog "El Arte de Vivir" - http://silvano-baztan.blogspot.com
Member of study group on health and the environment "Green Health"
silvano@medena.es
Pamplona – Spain

Gisela Keuper
Bio-Resonance practitioner and therapist in The Healthier Life Clinic
www.healthierlifeclinic.gi
principal@healthierlife.gi
Gibiltar

María José Moya Villén
MI ESTRELLA DE MAR
http://mi-estrella-de-mar.blogspot.com/
mjmovillen@hotmail.com
Spain

Roberto Galdós Carvajales
Ecologist Organization SagarraK/Sagarrak Ekologista Taldea,
www.sagarrak.org
ekologia1@sagarrak.org
Spain

Vicente Saavedra González
vicente@medicinaintegral.es
www.medicinaintegral.es
Spain

Vita Ascensió Arrufat Gallén
Public Health Specialist
Public Health Center of Castellón
Health Counseling
http://www.san.gva.es/
arrufat_vit@gva.es
Spain

Carlos de Prada
Presidente de FODESAM
Organisation for the Defense of Environmental Health
www.fondosaludambiental.org
carlosdeprada@hotmail.es
Madrid - Spain

Carles Porcel
Training Secretary of the Green Party Els Verdes Esquerra Ecologista del País Valenciá 
www.elsverdsee.org
ceco@penelers.com
País Valenciá – Spain

María Hernández Bascuña
President of EDUSA
Association for health education and promotion of social welfare
www.edusa.es
info@edusa.es
Alicante - Spain

Luis Soriano del Amo
Industrial Technical Engineer
Occupational Risk Prevention Technician (specialties: Safety, Hygiene and Ergonomics)
Health and Safety Coordinator at construction sites
Responsible for ensuring that these tasks are accomplished without risks for the health of workers
lsoriano.ls@gmail.com
Spain

Mario Alberto Gutiérrez G.
MSc. Environmental Studies and Human Resources / UAB
Educational Researcher, Technology Development Department
Centroamericana University
www.uca.edu.ni
magg@ns.uca.edu.ni
Managua – Nicaragua
 
Ana Medina Torres
President of AVA
Association to Defeat Autism
www.autismoava.org
info@autismoava.org
Barcelona – Spain
 
Lilia Ester Blas Postigo
Executive Director of CADIA
Andean Center for Environmental Research and Development
http://www2.medioambiente.gov.ar/sian/cadiaandino/default.htm
cadiandino@yahoo.com
Mendoza – Argentina
 
Arturo Samit Alvarado
President of the Citizens Association for the Defense of Health and the Environment
www.samit.cl
saludymedioambiente@gmail.com
Viña del Mar – Chile
 
Elena Navarro Chávez
President of the Association for Fibromyalgia, Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Multiple Chemical Sensitivity Syndrome
www.plataformafibromialgia.org
info@plataformafibromialgia.com
Madrid – Spain
 
Dr. Rubén Darío Diazgranados García
Holistic Dentistry, University of Cali
Director of the International Dental Clinic Foundation
Holistic Therapy and Marina "Henry A. Diazgranados P."
http://enbuenasmanoselartedecurar.lacoctelera.net
enbuenasmanoselartedecurar@odontologos.com
Cartagena de Indias – Colombia
 
Carmen Manresa Uroz
Autora Blog “La bruja Nocturna” - http://labrujanocturna.blogspot.com
(blog about FM, CFS, MCS and other growing chemical injuries)
cmanres@gmail.com
Barcelona – Spain
 
Dra. Susana Agüero Longo
Director of the Dental Clinic Soto del Real
Vice President of SEKMO (Spanish Society of Medical and Dental Kinesiology)
clinicasoto@telefonica.net
Soto del Real – Madrid - Spain
 
Silvana Bujan
Responsable de BIOS ARGENTINA
Civil Association for Environmental Defense
BIOS is a member of Renace, Anti-Incineration Citizens Coalition and GAIA
www.bios.org.ar
ecosil@copetel.com.ar
Mar del Plata – Argentina
 
Cristobalina Bejarano Lepe
President of ALTEA-SQM (organization about MCS, FM, CFS and for the defence of environment)
http://nuestronombre.es/altea/asociacion
altea@nuestronombre.es
Huelva – Spain
 
Dra. María Judith Gelfo Flores
Medical Director of the Holistic Dental Clinic
Member of AMUDENES (Association of Women Dentists in Spain) and SEKMO (Spanish Society of Medical and Dental Kinesiology)
dragelfo@odontologia-holistica.com
www.odontologia-holistica.com
Madrid – Spain
 
Olga Rodríguez Paéz
Acupuncturist entitled
Medical Studies
Alternative Therapies Clinic "DOKUS"
Coruña – Spain
 
Miguel Ángel Karam Calderón, MD
Professor-Researcher of the Research Unit with the Ecosystem Approach
Faculty of Medicine
Autonomous University of Mexico State
www.respyn.uanl.mx/especiales/2008/ee-12-2008/index.html
zanoniangel@yahoo.com
Toluca – México
 
Laura Domínguez Rosado
Vice President of the Association ENA
Organizaion for Disease Prevention and Environmental Diseases of Andalusia
www.ena.org.es
socioena@gmail.com
Granada – Spain
 
Florent Marcellesi - Sonia Ortiga
Spokespersons for Coordinadora Verde (Health Group)
www.coordinadoraverde.es
info@saludverde.org
País Vasco - Spain
 
Heidi Streminger
President of MCS-SOS
(Multiple Chemical Sensitivity - Self-help Organization Switzerland)
www.mcs-sos.ch
info@mcs-sos.ch
Lyss – Switzerland
 
Jorge G. Conte Burrell
Founder-Director-Member
Alianza Contaminación Cero
Grupo Parques Nacionales Panamá
Red del Pacto Global
Global Mercury Partnership
Zero Mercury Partnership
Salud Sin Daño
Ecologic, S.A.
http://mercuriocero.blogspot.com
http://bloglemu.blogspot.com/2009/06/todos-contra-el-mercurio.html
ecologicpanama.conte@cableonda.net
Chiriqui – Panamá
 
Isabel Ariño Tolosa
Author of the Blog “Vivir con Sensibilidad”
(blog about MCS, FM, CFS)
http://vivirconsensibilidad.blogspot.com
isabelarinyo@hotmail.com
Valencia – Spain
 
Eva Caballé Giralt
Economist, author of the blog “No Fun” about MCS, CFS, FM
Author of the book “Desaparecida, una vida rota por la Sensibilidad Química Múltiple”,
tips for living a more healthy and free from toxins
http://nofun-eva.blogspot.com
eva.lefthanded@hotmail.com
Barcelona – Spain
 
Maite Ribera
President of ACAF
(Catalana Association of Fibromyalgia Sufferers)
www.fibromialgia.cat
acaf-oficina@fibromialgia-cat.org
Barcelona – Spain
 
Pere Bicardí Vives
Chemical specialist, member of honor of the Official College of Chemists of Catalonia
Head of Program “Ban mercury amalgam” of the College Expert in dental amalgams (physico-chemical kinetics)
www.quimics.cat
pol_bicardi@hotmail.es
Girona – Spain

Alfredo Herránz Sanz
President of SUNAPTEIN
Association for the Promotion of Mental Health
www.sunaptein.org
sunaptein@sunaptein.org
Madrid – Spain

Clara Valverde
President of Liga SFC
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome League
www.ligasfc.org
info@ligasfc.org
Barcelona – Spain

Blanca Mesistrano
President of FibroAmérica
Association of people with Fibromyalgia, Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Multiple Chemical Sensitivity
http://fibroamerica.blogspot.com
www.groups.google.com/group/fibroamerica
fibroamerica@gmail.com
Córdoba – Argentina

Marifé Antuña Suárez
Forums of Fibromyalgia and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome for adults and youth
www.fibroamigosunidos.com and www.fibroadolescentes.foroes.net
marifeantunha@hotmail.com
Gijón – Spain

Marian Barnes Vázquez
President of ANDECO
International Network of Promoters of Ecotourism in Andalucía,
Asociation for Environment Protection & Health Defense
www.ecoturismoenandalucia.org
andeco@ecoturismoenandalucia.org
Málaga – Spain

Ofelia Tabares Díaz
President of ALDIS
Association to Prevent and to the Health Infant Illnesses
www.antonioaaron.com/aldis.htm
feli_sip@hotmail.com
Santa Cruz de Tenerife – Spain

Dr. Kurt E. Müller
First Chairman of EUROPAEM
European Academy of Environmental Medicine
www.europaem.org
europaem@europaem.de
Würzburg – Germany

Dr. Damián Verzeñassi
Biochemical specialist and academic physician and teacher of the chair of Socio-Environmental Health
(Final Course of Practical Medicine)
Faculty of Medical Sciences of the National University of Rosario
Rosario – Argentina

Dra. María del Pilar Martín Santiago
Medical Director of Dentists PROB(V)OCA Group
www.clinicadentalpilarmartin.com/curriculum_pilar_martin.pdf
donquijote2122@gmail.com
Santa Cruz de Tenerife – Spain

Nicola R. Lewis
President of ASOFIBEN
Association of Fibromyalgia and Chronic Fatigue of Benidorm
www.asofiben.org
asociacion@asofiben.org
Alicante – Spain

Ricardo Arnoldo Navarro Pineda
President of CESTA (Salvadoran of Appropriate Technology) – Friends of the Earth
www.cesta-foe.org.sv
cesta@cesta-foe.org.sv
San Salvador – El Salvador

Javier Souza Casadinho
Center for Studies on Appropriate Technologies in Argentina - CETAAR
(Professor of Agronomy at the University of Buenos Aires, Regional Coordinator of the Pesticide Action Network and Alternatives in Latin America)
www.rap-al.org
www.cetaar.blogspot.com
javierrapal@yahoo.com.ar
Buenos Aires – Argentina

Silvia Petrelli de Bosio
Secretary of the Environment Group “COQUENA”
silviapetrellidebosio@gmail.com
Jujuy – Argentina

Luca Poma
Science Reporter
Spokeperson of the National Committee “Giù le Mani dai Bambini" (Hands off the children)
www.giulemanidaibambini.org
www.lucapoma.info


Dr. Emilio José Peña Torrez
Chief, Laboratory of Environmental Mercury CIRA / UNAN
(Center for Research on Aquatic Resources of Nicaragua / Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Nicaragua)
Director-Fundator: Salvador Montenegro Guillén
www.cira-unan.edu.ni
emilio.pena@cira-unan.edu.ni
Managua – Nicaragua

Mats Hanson
Vice president, science coordinator
Tf-Swedish Association of Dental Mercury Patients
mercapto@telia.com
info@tf.nu
Sweden

Rosita Romor
President of ANFISC-ONLUS Association for the recognition of FM, CFS, MCS
www.anfisc.it
info@anfisc.it
Bellunuo - Italia

Gualtiero Zucconi
Administrator of www.cfsitalia.it
Website and forum about CFS
www.cfsitalia.it
admin@cfsitalia.it
Italia

Dra. Ana Delgado Rabadá.
Dentist in the Policlínica Dental Guinardó
Appropriate removal of dental amalgams and placing of alternative materials
anadelgadorabada@hotmail.com
Barcelona – Spain

Carlos Martínez Requejo
Vice President of DOMOSALUD (Association of Citizens for Environmental Health)
Interior Designer and Domo-therapist
www.domosalud.blogspot.com
domosalud@gmail.com
Barcelona – Spain

Dr. Graeme Munro-Hall
Dentist, Responsible of the European Chapter of the IAOMT
(International Academy of Oral Medicine & Toxicology)
www.hallvtox.dircon.co.uk
hallvtox@dircon.co.uk
Bedford – United Kingdom


Dra. Melibea Vallvé Ripoll
Dentist of the Centro Odontológico de los Dres. Miravé
(Appropriate removal of dental amalgams and placing of alternative materials)
www.clinica-mirave.com
meli@clinica-mirave.com
Barcelona – Spain

Dr. José Fco. Lijó González
Dentist, Director of the Dental Clinic
(Appropriate removal of dental amalgams and placing of alternative materials)
www.vulka.es/empresa/lijo-gonzalez-jose-francisco_1333569.html
lijo@infomed.es
Vigo – Spain

Dr. Patrick Bache
Dentist, Director of the Clínica Dental
(Appropriate removal of dental amalgams and placing of alternative materials)
www.dentacron.com/retirada_de_amalgamas.html 
contacto@dentacron.com
Barcelona – Spain

Rosina Uriarte
Director of CBET-BRISBANE
(Bilingüe de Estimulación Temprana "Brisbane" Centre)
www.cbet-brisbane.com 
http://estimulacionydesarrollo.blogspot.com  
info@cbet-brisbane.com
Castro Urdiales - Spain

Dr. Pedro Ángel Moreno Cabello
Dentist, Director of Dental Clinic Moreno Cabello
(Appropriate removal of dental amalgams and placing of alternative materials)
www.morenocabello.com
pedro@morenocabello.com
Córdoba - Spain

Dr. Jochen Bachsteffel
Dentist of Dental Clinic Cristal, S. L.
(Appropriate removal of dental amalgams and placing of alternative materials)
www.dental-cristal.com
info@dental-cristal.com
Palma de Mallorca – Spain

Dra. Pilar Muñoz-Calero Peregrín
President of Fundación Alborada
(Fundation for the medical treatment of people with toxic injury)
Paediatrician and Dentist
www.fundacion-alborada.org
pmc@fundacion-alborada.org
Madrid – Spain

Dr. Josep María Sancho Trigo
Dentist
(Appropriate removal of dental amalgams)
www.doctoralia.es/medico/sancho+trigo+jose+maria-10390291
drsancho@infomed.es
Barcelona – Spain

Dr. Juan José Martín Jerez
Dentista, Director of the Dental Council
(Appropriate removal of dental amalgams and placing of alternative materials)
juan_jose21_1@hotmail.com
www.infomed.es/sekmo/miembros/jjmartin.pdf
Santa Cruz de Tenerife – Spain

Dr. Sergio Gabriel Ituarte Martínez
Dentist, Director of the Dental Council
(Appropriate removal of dental amalgams and placing of alternative materials)
sytuartem@yahoo.es
www.semosa.es/odotologia%20neurofocal.htm
Madrid – Spain 

Michael R. Jackson DDS, FIAOMT
President of the International Academy of Oral Medicine and Toxicology
www.iaomt.org
ChampionsGate, Florida  USA

Miguel Angel Quintero Englembright 
Dentist, Specialist in dental materials and Master
Place of Vocational Studies - UNAM, Mexico
Ex-academic in that institution
Mexico

Kristin Moestue Westermoen
Vice Chair
Forbundet Tenner og Helse (Association for Dental Health)
kmwest@online.no
www.tenneroghelse.no
Norway

REFERENCES OF THE PETITION

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Adams JB, Romdalvik J, Ramanujam VM, Legator MS. Mercury, lead, and zinc in baby teeth of children with autism versus controls. J Toxicol Environ Health A. 2007 Jun;70(12):1046-51.

Aposhian, HV; et al. Urinary mercury after administration of 2,3-dimercaptopropane-l-sulfonic acid: Correlation with dental amalgam score. FASEB J, 6:2472-6, 1992.

Aschner, M; et al. Metallothionein Induction in Fetal Rat Brain and Neonatal Primary Astrocyte Cultures by In Utero Exposure to Elemental Mercury Vapor. Brain Res., 778(1):222-32, (1997).

Basun H, Forssell LG, Wetterberg L, Winblad B. Metals and trace elements in plasma and cerebrospinal fluid in normal aging and Alzheimer's disease. J Neural Transm, Park Dis Dement Sect. 3(4):23.

Berglund, A. Estimation by a 24 hour study of the daily dose of intra-oral mercury vapor inhaled after release from dental amalgam. J Dent Res 69: 1646-1651 (1990).

Berlin, M. (2004). Mercury in dental amalgam: a risk analysis. Seychelles Medical and Dental Journal (Special Issue), Vol. 7, Nº 1 (pp. 154-158). (www.seychelles.net/smdj/SECVIB.pdf).

Berlin, M; et al. Prenatal Exposure to Mercury Vapor: Effects on Brain Development. The Toxicologist, 12(1):7(A245), (1992).

Berlin, M. (2003) “Mercury in dental-filling materials —an updated risk analysis in environmental medical terms. An overview of scientific literature published in 1997-2002 and current knowledge” (www.sweden.gov.se/content/1/c6/01/76/11/fb660706.pdf).

Björnberg KA, Vahter M, Berglund B, Niklasson B, Blennow M, Sandborgh-Englund G. Transport of methylmercury and inorganic mercury to the fetus and breast-fed infant. Environ Health Perspect. 2005 Oct;113(10):1381-5.

Blaylock RL, Immune-glutamatergic dysfunction as a central mechanism of the autism spectrum disorders, Strunecka Curr Med Chem. 2009;16(2):157-70.

Boyd ND; Benediktsson, M; Vimy, MJ; Hooper, DE; Lorscheider, FL. Mercury from dental "silver" tooth fillings impairs sheep kidney function. Amer J Physiol, 261(RICP 30):R1010-4, (1991).
 
Cornett CR, Markesbery WR, Ehmann WD Imbalances of trace elements related to oxidative damage in Alzheimer's disease brain. Neurotoxicology Jun; 19(3):339-45 (1998)

Da Costa SL, Malm O, Dórea JG. Breast-milk mercury concentrations and amalgam surface in mothers from Brasília, Brazil. Biol Trace Elem Res. 2005 Aug;106(2):145-51.

Danielsson, BR; et al. Behavioral Effects of Prenatal Metallic Mercury Inhalation Exposure in Rats. Neurotoxicol Teratol., 15(6):391-6, (1993).

Danscher, G; et al. Traces of Mercury in Organs from Primates with Amalgam Fillings Experim Molec Pathol, 52:291-9, 1990.

Desoto MC, Hitlan RT. Blood levels of mercury are related to diagnosis of autism: a reanalysis of an important data set. J Child Neurol. 2007 Nov;22(11):1308-11.

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